* 3rd of February 1898 in Kuortane, Finland
† 11th of May 1976 in Helsinki
but also a leading modern furniture designer well known for his organic designs. inspiring and human material” he says.
From 1921 until 1925 Alvar Aalto studies architecture at the Polytechnic in Helsinki and opens his first architecture office in 1923.
In 1927, his practice moves to Turku and later to Helsinki in 1933. Alvar Aalto becomes a member of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM) in 1928.
In the 1930’s, he produces revolutionary chair designs, includng the "Paimio" armchair (1931) and in 1933 the "L-leg" stackable chair and stool with L-shaped legs. The techniques of bent plywood got more and more advanced. Since more elasticity was needed, Alvar Aalto solved the problem by taking off layers of veneer in order to make the plywood more manageable. Today, his designs have become very well-known.
During 1936, Alvar Aalto takes part in design competitions in which objects of Finnish design are chosen to be shown at the 1937 Paris Exposition. Alvar Aalto also designs the Finnish Pavilions for the 1937 Paris Exposition and the 1939 New York World's Fair.
From 1946 to 1948, he becomes a professor of architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, USA.
Two of his most important early architecture works are the Municipal Library in Viipuri (1927-1935) and the Tuberculosis Sanatorium in Paimio (1928-1933), where he also designs the entire interior and furniture.
In memory of his lifework, Finland edits in 1976 a stamp with his portrait, and as of 2010, the university in Helsinki will be called Aalto University.